Sero-prevalence of hepatitis-b virus and its associated risk factors among students of a higher institution of learning in Zaria-Nigeria

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Author: 
Akafyi, D. E.,Oko, J. O., Audu, J. A., Ibrahim IsaDanzarami, D. and Esther Ogwuche
Abstract: 

This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and determine the risk factors associated with the transmission of the infection among subjects in the study area. One hundred and fifty samples were screened using a one-step, rapid chromatographic immunoassay hepatitis B surface antigen test strip. Blood samples were centrifuged and the test strips were equilibrated at room temperature (15 –30oC) before analysis. The prevalence of hepatitis B virus was 11.33%. There was no significant difference between the infection and the demographic information. However, unprotected sex is the major risk factor recorded in this study. Public awareness is pivotal in the control of transmission of the infection.

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