Bullying is a problem that affects all children- those who bully, those who are victimized, and those who are witnesses to interpersonal violence. It is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively to impose domination over others and most common among children in middle childhood which need to be controlled. The aim of the study is to understand the different aspects of aggressive and bullying behavior in young children, in both genders. It may be defined as the activity of repeated, aggressive behavior intended to hurt another person, physically or mentally. It is characterized by an individual behaving in a certain way to gain power over another person. Justifications and rationalizations for such behavior sometimes include differences of class, race, religion, gender, sexuality, appearance, behavior, strength, size or ability. It consists of four basic types of abuse emotional, verbal, physical or cyber. The word ‘aggression’ most people probably tend first to think of physical force- a fist-fight, an assault with a weapon, a loud verbal retort or some other form of intense and punitive action enacted in the source of conflict between two people. It may be carried out in any behavior actuated by intent to harm another person against that person’s wishes. On one hand, victimized children’s lack of friends might render them psychologically and socially vulnerable, and thus more prone to becoming easy targets and on the other hand, bullies seemed to be preferred playmates, particularly for other aggressive boys. This affiliation of aggressive children might lead to an increase in bullying behavior.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN