Political corruption model in Indonesia: A review of white collar crime in parliament and political party

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Author: 
Bambang Slamet Riyadi
Abstract: 

The uproar of political corruption that involved the parliament and political parties members in Indonesia was depicting the form of extra-ordinary white collar crime. This article is study of some research reports, journals and literatures on political corruption as white collar crime as happened in Indonesia parliament and political Parties. The results found five political corruption models: 1) official policy framing model, 2) development plan passage model, 3) project budget mark-up model 4) buying and selling votes model and 5) bribe/money political model. The efforts to eradicate corruption in the parliament and political parties was initiated from formulation of laws, establishment of Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) to ratified UNCAC. However, there are attempts in weakening KPK performance by the parliament through amendment of corruption statute. This proves that corruption still get protection and support from the parliament members. Based on criminology analysis, the cause of political corruption crimes in Indonesian parliament due to society inability in two factors: First, the sudden change caused by negative effects of modernization that tends subject to materialism and consumerism as well as ignoring tradition values, culture and religion; second, unfair social structure factors, between goals and ideals of society that not counterbalanced by legitimate means as well as the government control.

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   Vol. 07, Issue 03, March 2017

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