Occupational stress and depression in military firefighters

International Journal of Development Research

Article ID: 
5 pages
Research Article

Occupational stress and depression in military firefighters

Marcelo Sampaio Ocampos, Alexandra Maria Almeida Carvalho Pinto, Maria Lucia Ivo, Elenir Rose Jardim Cury Pontes, Luciana Contrera, Caroline Neris Ferreira Sarat, Nayla Cristina Santiago da Silva and Valter Aragão do Nascimento


Firefighters are susceptible to depression because at work they constantly face situations involving human suffering. Objective: To study occupational stressors and the occurrence of symptoms suggestive of depression. Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study with 181 firefighters of Mato Grosso do Sul – Brazil. The instruments were used: Work Stress Scale, Beck Depression Inventory and a Social Demographic Questionnaire. Results: 52.5% of the firefighters were classified in the high and moderate levels of occupational stress. The prevalence of depression was 13.3%, in the mild and moderate depression levels. Prevalence of symptomatology suggestive of depression is approximately three and a half times higher in unsatisfied firefighters compared to satisfied workers (p=0.050), and four times higher in firemen with high or moderate stress compared to professionals with mild stress (p=0.014). Conclusion: Job dissatisfaction and occupational stress increase the prevalence of symptoms suggestive of depression in firefighters. It is necessary to improve the working environment to reduce these problems.

Download PDF: