For the creation of the common market, the basic principles on the free movement of people and goods have been affirmed by the Treaty of WAEMU. Similarly, several standards (Additional Protocol, Additional Act, Regulations, Directive and Decision) were taken to the effectiveness of these principles. However, these principles and standards are struggling to apply light of certain practices of public administrations and citizens. This article proposes to question the compliance with Community legislation in the area of free movement, from the social representations of users of the axis Cotonou-Lomé. This reflection is conducted through the collection of primary and secondary data following a precise methodological approach. The literature search supplemented by semi-structured interviews allowed the qualitative survey implementation. Subsequently, the data analysis has lead to a number of significant conclusions. Four forms of harassment have been identified. This is the ransom, red tape in the clearance of the denial of travel documents yet updated or authentic and poor roads. The most recurring harassment relate to ransom and red tape. The implications of these annoyances are related to loss of time, money as well as degeneration of negotiations.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN