The present reflection aims at questioning the different trends and innovations that are observed in Francophone African novel. Today, as in the past, most Francophone African writers who have settled in the West and those who continue to live in Africa produce works centered on migratory phenomena and on environmental issues. By these concepts, we mean the desire and the fact of migrating and also the desire and the fact of raising with acuity the pressing preoccupations of the populations confronted with the climate deficit. To question the diversified course of the African novel through the functioning modalities of migratory and environmental writings, raises the issue of the stakes of these different writing projects. The corpus of study will be constituted African novels having as main theme the migration and the drought. Of course, the thematic and sociocritical criticisms will make possible to construct the renewal of the literary discourse in Francophone African novel.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN