Knowledge and practices towards risk factors for hypertension and its relation to socio-demographic features among urban and suburban Bangladeshi hypertensive subjects

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Author: 
Dr. Nazma Akter and Dr. Ashrafuzzaman, S. M.
Abstract: 

Background: Hypertension is one of the most common chronic disease and crucial health problems in developed and underdeveloped countries. Assessment of knowledge and practices is a crucial element of hypertension control. Prevention plays significant role; which is achieved by increasing the knowledge & awareness of the public and changing their attitude & practice.
Objective: To assess and compare knowledge & practice pattern towards risk factors for hypertension & its relation to socio-demographic features among urban and suburban Bangladeshi hypertensive subjects.
Methods: The cross-sectional observational study was carried out in MARKS Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh during April to September 2014. 352 diagnosed hypertensive subjects [male 43.20%, female 56.80%] were selected randomly from outpatient department. With informed consent, set-written questions were asked by investigator. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS version 16.
Results: Among study subjects, 222(63.06%; male=50%, female=50%) and 130(36.93%; male=31.53%, female=68.46%) lived in urban & suburban area respectively. Though there were significant difference at educational [p0.000], occupational [p0.001] & monthly income [p0.002] status but overall knowledge & practice pattern about risk factors did not differ significantly or satisfactory among them. Except for Knowledge of avoid smoking (p0.034), sedentary life style (p0.013) & obesity (p0.007) and practice of avoid higher salt consumption (p0.030). Educational status showed significant difference in their knowledge & practice pattern. (p<0.05)
Conclusion: Risk factors of hypertension knowledge & practice pattern among urban and suburban Bangladeshi hypertensive subjects were not much different or satisfactory. Level of educational difference was a strong barrier among them.

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