Investigation of deaths of pediatric patients in kaparada block of Valsad District

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Author: 
Mamtarani, Darshan Chauhan, Sangita Revadiwala, Gaurav Goel and Rajan Valvi
Abstract: 

Background: Measles is an acute, highly infectious disease of childhood, characterized by fever, catarrhal symptoms and typical rash1. World Health Organization (WHO) has reported 31 million cases and 7.77 lakh deaths in the year 20002.
Methods: For rapid appraisal, Rapid Response Team (RRT) visited the affected Block to do investigations at the field level. Primary information regarding the deaths in different villages was also collected. We collected information about measles vaccination, previous history of measles and any complication of measles and outcome of cases. Blood samples were also collected and tested at microbiology laboratory for detection of IgM antibody for measles virus.
Results: A list of 5 deaths was provided to the RRT by Block Medical Officer, Kaparada. On examination cases were having Fever, cough, and congestion of eyes and nose with maculo papular rash.
Conclusions: A measles outbreak affected Kaparada Block of Valsad District. History and the field visits give strong suspicion of the deaths being due to Measles.

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