Development is need of the present era. Every human society wants to more and more facilities for him and government is busy with practices about this. But all the practices which are related to development are not only giving positive result always but also this type of practices originating some negative impacts also. Major practices of development like industry, dam and roads want to four basic components which are suitable land, natural resources, human resources and reorganization of Capital. Development is a complex process and it is encouraging to displacement. Generally, all four components for industry are easily available in forest area that’s why the forest is the first choice of an industrialist. And other side forest areas are residences of various tribal groups. So, tribal groups are directly affected by establishment of industry as well as displacement also. According to rules of government and companies, there are provided to provide land, residences, money and jobs for families those are affected by displacement. There are major challenges of government and industry to satisfy displacement. Because of displacement they lose their traditional agricultural land, traditional residences, religious places and traits like religious trees, rivers, stones, mountain, etc. and because of this they are always in mental pressure about re-displacement. Tribal groups of Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh are facing all these problems. Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh has 14 large and small industries of iron, coal etc. These industries make large displacement in these areas and tribal groups. Total 61 villages and 1406 families are affected by displacement. Total 1044.436 acre land capture by industrialist for industries and flats of employee. Present study conduct in 31 affected tribal families of 31villages. The present study shows affected families are leaving their traditional agricultural works because they can’t understand the nature of new land structure and because of this they are in economic trouble. In study area there are 67.7 percent family’s primary occupation was agriculture and after displacement there are only 9.7 percent families engage with agricultural work. There are some other problems also finding out in this study, which are related to basic needs. According to affected families, new residences have many basic problems which are provided by government and industrialists. There are no electricity, no regular drinking water resources, satisfied roads and transports are no available etc.
Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN