Grip style, grip side on leg dominance in acl injuries among judo players

Toms, V. L., Subin Solomen, Jimshad, T. U.

Background: The growing popularity of sports and exercise is focusing attention on the injuries that may occur in addition to the health benefits. Judo one of the Japanese traditional martial arts in now the most widely practiced martial arts in the world. Judo includes at least four technical aspects throw, hold down, choke and arm lock. Each of which could impose large stress on various anatomical structures. Objectives of this study were to elucidate difference in ACL injuries between dominant and non dominant legs of the judo players. Second objective was to find out association of grip style, grip side technique which provides injury on leg dominance in ACL injuries in judo players. To find out difference in the number of ACL injury incidence between two grip style (KENKA-YOTSU STYLE and AI-YOTSU STYLE).To find out difference in number of ACL injury incidents between grip side on leg dominance(Right side and Left side)
Methods: A Total of 82 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in the study. Study was review all ACL injuries reported to the physiotherapists affiliated with the national professional, coaches, collegiate and youth judo players. Subject who fulfils, inclusion and exclusion criteria was assessed by questionnaire and interview. A judo player with 20 year experience had carry out interview to acquire information on ACL injury incidence with regard to situations
Results: Showed the difference in number of ACL injury incidence between dominant side and non dominant side was statistically significant. (X2=17.24, p<.0001).The difference in the number of ACL injury incidents between the two grip styles was not statistically significant (X2=2.56, p>.10).The ACL injury occurrence when being attacked was greater than when being counterattacked than when attempting an attack however this was not statistically significant (X2=3.7, p>.05).The result showed that direct contact technique was significantly greater than the indirect technique mechanisms (X2=29.64, p<0001).
Conclusions: Results suggest that there was no significant difference in grip style, grip side and judokas behaviour on leg dominance in ACL injuries among judo players but there was significant differences with the technique that caused the ACL injury in judo players.

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