Effect of reflex rolling on oxygen saturation and incubation period in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome

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Author: 
Maha K. El-Shaarawy, Samia A. Abdel Rahman, Mohammed Fakher and Abd El Wahab M. Salah
Abstract: 

Objective: The present study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of reflex rolling on incubation period and oxygen saturation in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome.
Background: Respiratory distress syndrome in premature neonates is one of the leading causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Reflex rolling is tactile stimulation technique used to improve respiration.
Methods: Thirty-seven preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome with gestational age of 30 to 36 weeks under oxygen therapy participated in this study. They were allocated into two groups. Control group (A) received conventional chest physical therapy and study group (B) received in addition to the previous program a reflex rolling technique. Respiratory rate and oxygen saturation were measured on the first day and last day of incubation. Oxygen therapy period and incubation period were also recorded.
Results: The results (before versus after intervention) revealed a significant difference in each group regarding respiratory rate as well as oxygen saturation. There was insignificant difference between the two groups before and after intervention. The results showed a statistical significant difference between the two groups regarding oxygen therapy period as well as incubation period with less period for group (B).
Conclusion: Reflex rolling technique is safe and effective in minimizing incubation period in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome.

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   Vol. 07, Issue 03, March 2017

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