Education of persons with visual disabilities in India``

International Journal of Development Research

Article ID: 
5 pages
Review Article

Education of persons with visual disabilities in India``

Dev Nandan Kumar, Pawan Kumar and Rawat, J. S.


Historically in India, the persons with disabilities enjoyed co-existence, though at different times, the treatment and attitudes were at variance. Out of all the types of disabilities, visual disability poses greater challenges than other types. In recent year’s changes in legislation, as reflected in the Right to Persons with Disabilities Act and the Right to Education Act, have provided a much needed focus on education of persons with disabilities. Specific legislations have been put in place to ensure educational empowerment of persons with disabilities. The department of empowerment of persons with disabilities (Divyangjan), Govt. of India and National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Visual Disabilities has developed many service models. Through Rehabilitation Council of India, a statutory body, human resource development programs are standardized. Many Non-Government Organizations have started special education, integrated education, inclusive education and vocational training programme. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) seeks to ensure that every child in the age group of 6-14 years with special needs, irrespective of the kind, category and degree of disability, is provided meaningful and quality education. Every child with a disability should have access to appropriate preschool, primary and secondary level education by 2020 as per National Policy.

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