Cocoa trees (theobroma cacao linn.) agroforests replanting in togo: What appropriate agroecosystems?

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
Author: 
Ayi Koffi ADDEN, Kossi ADJONOU, Kouami KOKOU and Kwassi AGBEMANYALE
Abstract: 

Cocoa agroforest remained the main cultivated agroforest in West Africa. This study examined the effects of shading regime, soil depth and soil texture on the growth of immature cocoa trees. A field experiment was conducted during one year in forest zone in Togo and data was collected in twelve cocoa orchards established in June - July 2014. Three equal size plots (12 x 10 m²) were randomly located in each orchard, where agronomic variables and soil samples were collected. The results showed that, more the shading regime was dense (p<0.05) more the young cocoa trees crown were developed, more the crown radius were extended and less the cocoa trees died. When the orchard soil was deeper (p<0.05), better the cocoa trees used rainwater and more quickly they were developed. The cocoa trees mortality rate was less when the soil texture was sandy-loam (p<0.05) and more numerous were the crowns formed. The optimum condition for immature cocoa trees growth was an agroecosystem who meet a sandy-loam soils, deep more than one meter and covering by a shading trees which prevent from 75-100% of sunlight.

Download PDF: 

CHIEF EDITOR

  

           Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN

Call for Papers - 2017

    submit your paper now

   Vol. 07, Issue 03, March 2017

CURRENT ISSUE

 

Article Tracking

IMPACT FACTOR 2016

          4.753

Get your Certificate

Copyright © 2016 International Journal Development Research. All Rights Reserved.