An assessment of maternal dietary pattern in a rural community in south western Kenya

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home4/vibu/public_html/journalijdr.com/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 906.
Author: 
Odiwuor Arony Florence and Anunda, N. H.
Abstract: 

In spite of strategies that has been put in place to achieve the 5th millennium goal of improving maternal health, maternal malnutrition continues to be a global problem. Women in poor rural communities often consume diets deficient in energy and therefore many other nutrients.. Population studies indicate that kilocalorie intake is usually less than recommended and pregnant women often do not show a significant augmentation in nutrient intake. This study aimed to investigate maternal dietary intake in Kamagambo, South Western Kenya. Objectives of the study included determining socio-demographic factors, nutrient intake, and testing for relationships between variables. The study expected to find no significant relationship between nutrient intake, and socio-demographic characteristics. A longitudinal design was adopted and comprehensive sampling obtained a sample of 100 pregnant women for the study. Data was collected by structured questionnaires, 24- hour recall and food weighing technique. Data was analyzed by SPSS, Nutri-survey and descriptive statistics. Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was used to test for significant relationships between variables, t test was used to test for significant difference between mean of nutrients. Pregnant women in this study consumed less calories than the value recommended as adequate. Most of the food nutrients did not meet the RDA. Diets had little variety with high repeatability of certain food items through the week. Most of the food energy came from carbohydrates which comprised the largest proportion of the women’s diet. There were no significant differences between 24 hour recall and observed intakes. The study fills the knowledge gap, and is of benefit to future research work, various government departments, local and international agencies, the community and pregnant women. The government and health and nutrition organizations need to monitor pregnant women more closely in order to provide counselling as well as nutritional support to pregnant women in this region.

Download PDF: 

CHIEF EDITOR

  

           Prof. Dr. Bilal BİLGİN

Call for Papers - 2017

    submit your paper now

   Vol. 07, Issue 03, March 2017

CURRENT ISSUE

 

Article Tracking

IMPACT FACTOR 2016

          4.753

Get your Certificate

Copyright © 2016 International Journal Development Research. All Rights Reserved.