Adoption of new technologies of horticulture to farmar’s of jamtara and Dumka Districts of Jharkhand province in India

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Author: 
Jana, B.R. and Pan, R.S.
Abstract: 

To increase the livelihood security of the poor tribal farmer of Jamtara and Dumka ditricts the horticulture technologies like, 1) Off season vegetable cultivation, 2) Year round vegetable production from 10 decimal area 3) One acre multi tier cropping were implemented and 4) vertical cultivation of vine vegetables (pointed gourd) successfully introduced through NAIP project launched by BAU, Ranchi and HARP, plandu as one of the consortium partner. The maximum net income of Rs.24,950/- from filler crop (guava) intercrops (vegetables like potato, tomato, brinjal, radish, okra, chilli) was obtained by the farmer in the 5th year (2013) under fruit based multi-tier cropping system established at farmars field, which generated employment of 181 man-days. Farmers earned the maximum net income of Rs.1571/- (Rs.3,92,750/ha) from bottle gourd cultivation in 1.0 decimal (40 m2) area which generated employment of 11 man-days. The maximum annual net income of Rs.2544/- was obtained by the marginal farmer through cultivation of summer kharif vegetables in 1.0 decimal. This income generated an employment of 24 man-days. The farmer had expanded his area of pointed gourd cultivation from 2.75 decimal to 12.5 decimal (500 m2) through vertical trallies. From the present study it may be concluded that income of farm family had been increased from Rs. 24,446 to Rs.73, 684 in 6 years in NAIP with different interventions. The highest adoption rate of 90 % was found in pointed gourd cultivation where as lowest was observed in Fruit based multi tier cropping system (24%).The additional income alleviate the standard of living of farmer’s of economically disadvantaged districts of Jharkhand by making more expenditure towards purchase of household items, education for their children and overall developments. They are happier. This extension activities provide an opportunity for increasing self esteem of the farmers and they gain the confidence on farming and their proverty driven face smeared with happy smile.

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